From: Subject: FEV0.75/FVC: AN ALTERNATIVE TO FEV1/FVC IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN -- Dumas et al. 134 (4): s24001 -- Chest Meeting Abstracts Date: Wed, 9 Jun 2010 16:23:21 +0200 MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/related; type="text/html"; boundary="----=_NextPart_000_0000_01CB07F0.137792A0" X-MimeOLE: Produced By Microsoft MimeOLE V6.00.2900.3664 This is a multi-part message in MIME format. ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01CB07F0.137792A0 Content-Type: text/html; charset="Windows-1252" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://meeting.chestpubs.org/cgi/content/abstract/134/4/s24001 FEV0.75/FVC: AN ALTERNATIVE TO FEV1/FVC IN PRESCHOOL = CHILDREN -- Dumas et al. 134 (4): s24001 -- Chest Meeting = Abstracts
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Pediatric Asthma


Monday, October 27, 2008

2:30 PM - 4:00 PM

FEV0.75/FVC: AN ALTERNATIVE TO FEV1/FVC IN PRESCHOOL=20 CHILDREN

Mario E. Dumas, MD*, = Caroline=20 Pesant, MD, Miriam Santschi, MD, Mario = Geoffroy,=20 RRT, Jean-Paul Praud, MD and Helen = Vlachos-Mayer,=20 MD

University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada =

PURPOSE:FEV1 /FVC is useful in evaluating obstructive = airways=20 disease in school age children. As preschool children can = perform=20 reliable spirometry but have short expiratory times, FEV1 = cannot=20 always be determined. Furthermore, when measurable, FEV1 /FVC = is higher than described in older children. As FEV0.5/FVC and = FEV0.75/FVC have been proposed as alternative measures, we = aimed=20 to describe these ratios in our population and determine if=20 they could be surrogates for FEV1 /FVC in this age group. =

METHODS:Our study population consisted of healthy = Caucasian=20 children aged 3 to 5 years attending 11 daycare centers in = the=20 Eastern Townships of Quebec. Measurements were obtained as = per=20 ATS guidelines using the Ms Pneumo spirometer (Jaeger). FEVx=20 (where x could be one second or less) was calculated from the = curve showing the highest sum of FEVx + FVC.

RESULTS:143 children were tested of which 128 (62M, 66F)=20 performed successful spirometry. Forced expiration was = maintained=20 longer than 1 and 0.75 seconds in 107(48M, 59F) and 123(59M, = 64F)=20 subjects respectively. FEV0.5 was obtained in all 128. Mean = values=20 (=B1SD) are reported for males and females respectively. FEV1 = /FVC=20 was 92.6(=B14.9) and 95.05(=B15.1), p=3D0.01; = FEV0.75/FVC was=20 87.8 (=B17.0) and 90(=B16.4), p=3DNS; FEV0.5/FVC was = 76.43(=B19.0) and=20 78(=B18.4), p=3D NS; FEV1 was 1.20(=B10.02) and = 1.11(=B10.02), p=3D0.007 and=20 FVC was 1.31(=B10.14) and 1.18(=B10.14) p=3D0.001. = FEV0.75/FVC=20 and FEV0.5/FVC correlated to FEV1/FVC (r=3D0.91 p<0.0001 = and=20 r=3D0.85 p<0.0001 respectively), while FEV0.75 and FEV0.5 = correlated=20 to FEV1(r=3D0.98 p<0.0001 and r=3D0.94 p<0.0001 = respectively).=20

CONCLUSION:We report normative data from our population = for=20 ratios of FEV1,FEV0.75 and FEV0.5 with respect to FVC. The = lower=20 limits of normal can be determined as 1.96 SD below the mean. = Due to the better correlation, we propose that FEV0.75/FVC be = used preferentially to FEV0.5/FVC as an alternative to = FEV1/FVC.=20 The usefulness of these reference values would have to be = tested=20 in future with respect to obstructive airways disease.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:Predicted values for these volume = ratios=20 are likely to be helpful in appropriately interpreting = clinical=20 spirometry values.

DISCLOSURE:Mario Dumas, No Financial Disclosure = Information;=20 No Product/Research Disclosure Information






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This effectively=0A= * clones XML markup which uses XHTML naming conventions=0A= * into an HTML DOM.=0A= */=0A= function copy_xml_to_html(src, dst) {=0A= if (src.nodeType =3D=3D 1) { /* Node.ELEMENT_NODE */=0A= var e =3D document.createElement(src.nodeName);=0A= for (var i =3D 0; i < src.childNodes.length; i++) {=0A= copy_xml_to_html(src.childNodes[i], e);=0A= }=0A= for (var i =3D 0; i < src.attributes.length; i++) {=0A= var n =3D src.attributes[i].name;=0A= var v =3D unescape_xml_string(src.attributes[i].value); =0A= e.setAttribute(n, v);=0A= if (n =3D=3D "class") {=0A= e.className =3D v;=0A= }=0A= else if (n =3D=3D "style") {=0A= set_css_style(v, e, "");=0A= }=0A= }=0A= dst.appendChild(e);=0A= }=0A= else if (src.nodeType =3D=3D 3) { /* Node.TEXT_NODE */=0A= dst.appendChild(document.createTextNode(src.nodeValue));=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= /* =0A= * It is unclear that this is the right thing to be calling=0A= * from copy_xml_to_html, but it appears that Safari decides=0A= * to convert & to the NCR #, and then encodes that=0A= * NCR to &%26%2338;. So, I'm going to treat the DOM Attr=0A= * value as a plain string, and run our XML string input=0A= * through the decoding routine below.=0A= */=0A= function unescape_xml_string(s) {=0A= return s.replace(/'/g, "'")=0A= .replace(/'/g, "'")=0A= .replace(/"/g, "\"")=0A= .replace(/"/g, "\"")=0A= .replace(/>/g, ">")=0A= .replace(/>/g, ">")=0A= .replace(/</g, "<")=0A= .replace(/</g, "<")=0A= .replace(/&/g, "&")=0A= .replace(/&/g, "&");=0A= }=0A= =0A= /*=0A= * Parse set of CSS rules and apply them to an element.=0A= * This is quite horrifying, but I'm unable to determine=0A= * how else to handle this with IE 6. FireFox and other=0A= * sane browsers let you simply set the style attribute=0A= * or use e.style.setProperty(rule, value, priority),=0A= * IE 6 appears to have neither of these capabilities..=0A= */=0A= function set_css_style(css, e, priority) {=0A= var rules =3D css.split(";");=0A= for (var i =3D 0; i < rules.length; i++) {=0A= var nvpair =3D rules[i].split(":");=0A= if (nvpair.length =3D=3D 2) {=0A= try {=0A= var name =3D nvpair[0]; /* style attribute */=0A= var value =3D nvpair[1]; /* attribute value */=0A= =0A= /*=0A= * For each possible style attribute, set the=0A= * appropriate style property in the element.=0A= */=0A= if (name =3D=3D "background") {=0A= e.style.background =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "background-attachment") {=0A= e.style.backgroundAttachment =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "background-color") {=0A= e.style.backgroundColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "background-image") {=0A= e.style.backgroundImage =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "background-position") {=0A= e.style.backgroundPosition =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "background-position-x") {=0A= e.style.backgroundPositionX =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "background-position-y") {=0A= e.style.backgroundPositionY =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "background-repeat") {=0A= e.style.backgroundRepeat =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "behavior") {=0A= e.style.behavior =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border") {=0A= e.style.border =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-bottom") {=0A= e.style.borderBottom =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-bottom-color") {=0A= e.style.borderBottomColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-bottom-style") {=0A= e.style.borderBottomStyle =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-bottom-width") {=0A= e.style.borderBottomWidth =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-collapse") {=0A= e.style.borderCollapse =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-color") {=0A= e.style.borderColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-left") {=0A= e.style.borderLeft =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-left-color") {=0A= e.style.borderLeftColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-left-style") {=0A= e.style.borderLeftStyle =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-left-width") {=0A= e.style.borderLeftWidth =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-right") {=0A= e.style.borderRight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-right-color") {=0A= e.style.borderRightColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-right-style") {=0A= e.style.borderRightStyle =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-right-width") {=0A= e.style.borderRightWidth =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-style") {=0A= e.style.borderStyle =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-top") {=0A= e.style.borderTop =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-top-color") {=0A= e.style.borderTopColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-top-style") {=0A= e.style.borderTopStyle =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-top-width") {=0A= e.style.borderTopWidth =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "border-width") {=0A= e.style.borderWidth =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "bottom") {=0A= e.style.bottom =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "clear") {=0A= e.style.clear =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "clip") {=0A= e.style.clip =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "color") {=0A= e.style.color =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "cssText") {=0A= e.style.Sets =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "cursor") {=0A= e.style.cursor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "direction") {=0A= e.style.direction =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "display") {=0A= e.style.display =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "font") {=0A= e.style.font =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "font-family") {=0A= e.style.fontFamily =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "font-size") {=0A= e.style.fontSize =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "font-style") {=0A= e.style.fontStyle =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "font-variant") {=0A= e.style.fontVariant =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "font-weight") {=0A= e.style.fontWeight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "height") {=0A= e.style.height =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "ime-mode") {=0A= e.style.imeMode =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "layout-flow") {=0A= e.style.layoutFlow =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "layout-grid") {=0A= e.style.layoutGrid =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "layout-grid-char") {=0A= e.style.layoutGridChar =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "layout-grid-line") {=0A= e.style.layoutGridLine =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "layout-grid-mode") {=0A= e.style.layoutGridMode =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "layout-grid-type") {=0A= e.style.layoutGridType =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "left") {=0A= e.style.left =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "letter-spacing") {=0A= e.style.letterSpacing =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "line-break") {=0A= e.style.lineBreak =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "line-height") {=0A= e.style.lineHeight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "list-style") {=0A= e.style.listStyle =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "list-style-image") {=0A= e.style.listStyleImage =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "list-style-position") {=0A= e.style.listStylePosition =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "list-style-type") {=0A= e.style.listStyleType =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "margin") {=0A= e.style.margin =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "margin-bottom") {=0A= e.style.marginBottom =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "margin-left") {=0A= e.style.marginLeft =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "margin-right") {=0A= e.style.marginRight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "margin-top") {=0A= e.style.marginTop =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "min-height") {=0A= e.style.minHeight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "overflow") {=0A= e.style.overflow =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "overflow-x") {=0A= e.style.overflowX =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "overflow-y") {=0A= e.style.overflowY =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "padding") {=0A= e.style.padding =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "padding-bottom") {=0A= e.style.paddingBottom =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "padding-left") {=0A= e.style.paddingLeft =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "padding-right") {=0A= e.style.paddingRight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "padding-top") {=0A= e.style.paddingTop =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "page-break-after") {=0A= e.style.pageBreakAfter =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "page-break-before") {=0A= e.style.pageBreakBefore =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "pixelBottom") {=0A= e.style.pixelBottom =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "pixelHeight") {=0A= e.style.pixelHeight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "pixelLeft") {=0A= e.style.pixelLeft =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "pixelRight") {=0A= e.style.pixelRight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "pixelTop") {=0A= e.style.pixelTop =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "pixelWidth") {=0A= e.style.pixelWidth =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "posBottom") {=0A= e.style.posBottom =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "posHeight") {=0A= e.style.posHeight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "position") {=0A= e.style.position =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "posLeft") {=0A= e.style.posLeft =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "posRight") {=0A= e.style.posRight =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "posTop") {=0A= e.style.posTop =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "posWidth") {=0A= e.style.posWidth =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "right") {=0A= e.style.right =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "ruby-align") {=0A= e.style.rubyAlign =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "ruby-overhang") {=0A= e.style.rubyOverhang =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "ruby-position") {=0A= e.style.rubyPosition =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "scrollbar-3dlight-color") {=0A= e.style.scrollbar3dLightColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "scrollbar-arrow-color") {=0A= e.style.scrollbarArrowColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "scrollbar-base-color") {=0A= e.style.scrollbarBaseColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "scrollbar-darkshadow-color") {=0A= e.style.scrollbarDarkShadowColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "scrollbar-face-color") {=0A= e.style.scrollbarFaceColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "scrollbar-highlight-color") {=0A= e.style.scrollbarHighlightColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "scrollbar-shadow-color") {=0A= e.style.scrollbarShadowColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "scrollbar-track-color") {=0A= e.style.scrollbarTrackColor =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "float") {=0A= e.style.styleFloat =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "table-layout") {=0A= e.style.tableLayout =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-align") {=0A= e.style.textAlign =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-align-last") {=0A= e.style.textAlignLast =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-autospace") {=0A= e.style.textAutospace =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-decoration") {=0A= e.style.textDecoration =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "textDecorationBlink") {=0A= e.style.textDecorationBlink =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "textDecorationLineThrough") {=0A= e.style.textDecorationLineThrough =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "textDecorationNone") {=0A= e.style.textDecorationNone =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "textDecorationOverline") {=0A= e.style.textDecorationOverline =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "textDecorationUnderline") {=0A= e.style.textDecorationUnderline =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-indent") {=0A= e.style.textIndent =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-justify") {=0A= e.style.textJustify =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-kashida-space") {=0A= e.style.textKashidaSpace =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-overflow") {=0A= e.style.textOverflow =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-transform") {=0A= e.style.textTransform =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "text-underline-position") {=0A= e.style.textUnderlinePosition =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "top") {=0A= e.style.top =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "unicode-bidi") {=0A= e.style.unicodeBidi =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "vertical-align") {=0A= e.style.verticalAlign =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "visibility") {=0A= e.style.visibility =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "white-space") {=0A= e.style.whiteSpace =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "width") {=0A= e.style.width =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "word-break") {=0A= e.style.wordBreak =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "word-spacing") {=0A= e.style.wordSpacing =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "word-wrap") {=0A= e.style.wordWrap =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "writing-mode") {=0A= e.style.writingMode =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "z-index") {=0A= e.style.zIndex =3D value;=0A= }=0A= else if (name =3D=3D "zoom") {=0A= e.style.zoom =3D value;=0A= }=0A= }=0A= catch (e) {=0A= /* ignore error on attempt to set e.style.[property] */=0A= }=0A= }=0A= }=0A= }=0A= ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01CB07F0.137792A0 Content-Type: application/octet-stream Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://meeting.chestpubs.org/javascript/entrez/callback.js /************************************************************************= *****=0A= * javascript/entrez/callback.js=0A= *=0A= * Entrez Linking callback to populate content box.=0A= *=0A= * Copyright 2006 Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior = University.=0A= = *************************************************************************= ***/=0A= =0A= /*=0A= * Execute callback to fill content box with Entrez Linking information.=0A= */=0A= function entrez_callback(pmid, callback_url) {=0A= /*=0A= * MSIE 5.5 and below have issues with the JavaScript=0A= * used for Entrez Linking. For now we have to disable=0A= * the callback until we can track down a proper fix=0A= * (or everybody sanely upgrades to version 6 or 7!).=0A= */=0A= if (navigator) {=0A= var appname =3D navigator.appName;=0A= if (appname =3D=3D "Microsoft Internet Explorer") {=0A= var userAgent =3D navigator["userAgent"];=0A= var s =3D "MSIE ";=0A= var n =3D -1; =0A= if ((n =3D userAgent.indexOf(s)) !=3D -1) {=0A= var v =3D parseFloat(userAgent.substring(n+s.length));=0A= if (v < 6) {=0A= return;=0A= }=0A= }=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= /*=0A= * Acquire table row element to update, initiate callback=0A= * to update table with Entrez Links.=0A= */=0A= var tr =3D document.getElementById('entrez_callback_'+pmid);=0A= if (!tr) {=0A= return;=0A= }=0A= var req =3D new XMLHttpRequest();=0A= if (!req) {=0A= return;=0A= }=0A= req.onreadystatechange =3D function() {=0A= if (req.readyState =3D=3D 4 && (req.status =3D=3D 200 || req.status = =3D=3D 304)) {=0A= var src =3D req.responseXML.documentElement;=0A= var dst =3D document.createDocumentFragment();=0A= for (var i =3D 0; i < src.childNodes.length; i++) {=0A= copy_xml_to_html(src.childNodes[i], dst);=0A= }=0A= var tbl =3D tr.parentNode;=0A= tbl.replaceChild(dst, tr);=0A= }=0A= }=0A= req.open('GET', callback_url, true);=0A= req.send(null);=0A= }=0A= ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01CB07F0.137792A0--